The Constitution Day of India or Samvidhan Diwas is celebrated every year on 26th November in India. This day is also called National Law Day. This day reminds us to adopt the Constitution in India.
In the year 1949 on 26th November, the Indian Constituent Assembly formally adopted the Constitution of India which came into force on 26 January 1950.
The Constitution of India was prepared by the members of the Constituent Assembly.
B R Ambedkar is also called the Father of the Indian Constitution because he was the chairman of the drafting committee and considered to be the chief architect of the Constitution of India.
Why is Constitution Day celebrated on November 26?
Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi started to celebrate 26th November as the Constitution Day of India in the year 2015 on the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar.
Dr. Ambedkar is recognized as the ‘Father of the Indian Constitution. He was an Indian, an economist, a jurist, a politician, and a social reformer.
The Prime Minister announced to celebrate 26 November as Indian Constitution Day, when he laid the foundation stone of BR Ambedkar’s Statue of Equality memorial in Mumbai.
Here in this memorial, a statue of Dr. Ambedkar is built of height 450 ft (137..3 meters). This is the third tallest statue in the world after the Statue of Unity and Spring Temple Buddha.
This is to be said that a Chinese company completed this project because no Indian company has the experience to build a tall statue like this.
Some key features of this beautifully build memorial are
- You can see a statue of Dr. Bhimrao in the center stands on a circular pedestal building housing, a library, a visitor hall, a theatre, an auditorium, and an art gallery in the memorial house.
- A car parking space in the basement and a dedicated bus parking bay.
- An auditorium uses for hosting large meetings and gatherings.
- The museum is dedicated to Dr. Ambedkar’s life, at the base of this statue.
- An open-air space for sound and other shows.
- A large space for meditation
Significance of Constitution Day
Dr. BR Ambedkar played the most prominent role in the framing of the Constitution of India, that is why Constitution Day is celebrated to pay tribute to him.
The only major reason to consider this day as Constitution Day is to promote the values of the Constitution among the youth of the country in the era of Western culture.
This day also reminds us of our duties towards our country, the purpose to commemorate this day as the Indian Constitution day and its architect, To bring awareness about the importance of Dr. BR Ambedkar.
What is the Constitution of India?
The Constitution of India is the highest legislature of India which was passed by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950.
It fulfills the fundamental political principles, rights, procedures, practices, powers, and duties of government.
The Constitution of India came to power on 26 January 1950. India has the longest written constitution in the world.
It is influenced by the other constitutions and hence concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity were taken from the French Constitution.
The concept of five-year plans was taken from the Soviet Union. The laws on which Indian Apex Court functions were taken from Japan.
At the time of its ratification, the Indian Constitution had 395 Articles and 8 Schedules and was about 145,000 words long which was the longest national constitution ever made by any country at that time.
The Constitution of India has borrowed some of its features from 10 other countries including France, Britain, Ireland, Japan, America, South Africa, Germany, Australia, and Canada.
How is Constitution Day celebrated in India?
Different departments of the Indian Constitution celebrated the first Constitution Day in the year 2015.
Although there is no public holiday on constitution day. On this day schools and colleges organize quiz and essay competitions in the institutions.
Also, UGC (University Grants Commission) arrange all India quiz competitions at Lucknow at Ambedkar University.
The preamble is taught in schools across the country on the occasion of Constitution Day and also every year many events are organized throughout the country on this day.
Take a brief look at the educational life of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
B.R.Ambedkar was born on April 14 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. The full name of Ambedkar is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.
His father was Ramji Maloji Sakpal, who was an army officer, And mother was Bimabai Sakpal. He was the fourteen and last child of his parents.
The life of Ambedkar was full of struggles. When he went to the school, He saw the social discrimination towards untouchables who were formerly known as Dalit.
Even teachers of the school gave less attention or help to Ambedkar and other untouchable students. They had no permission to sit inside the class with upper-caste students.
When he was fifteen years old, he married a nine-year-old girl named Ramabai. He passed his matriculation examination in 1907 and he entered Elphinstone College. This was affiliated with Bombay University.
He got his degree in economics and political science from Bombay University in 1912. After Dr. Ambedkar moved to the United States at the age of 22 in 1913.
The day November 26 was chosen to spread the thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar. This day also reminds us of the importance and sacrifices done by Ambedkar to make our Indian constitution.
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